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自由的精神就是对自己是否正确不是很有把握的精神。——哈耶克

 
 
 

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Olga Berggolts  

2015-03-29 12:50:15|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Infidelity

Not waking, in my dreams, my dreams,
I saw you–you were alive.
You had endured all and come to me,
crossing the last frontier.

You were earth already, ashes, you
were my glory, my punishment.
But, in spite of life,
                             of death,
you rose from your thousand
                                            graves.

You passed through war hell, concentration camp,
through furnace, drunk with the flames,
through your own death you entered Leningrad,
came out of love for me.

You found my house, but I live now
not in our house, in another;
and a new husband shares my waking hours . . .
O how could you not have known?!

Like the master of the house, proudly you crossed
the threshold, stood there lovingly.
And I murmured: "God will rise again,"
and made the sign of the cross
over you–the unbeliever's cross, the cross
of despair, as black as pitch,
the cross that was made over each house
that winter, that winter in which

you died.
               O my friend, forgive me
as I sigh. How long have I not known
where waking ends and the dream begins . . .

Olga Berggolts, Russian, trans. Daniel Weissbort, Post-War Russian Poetry, Penguin Books Ltd., 1974.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Olga Fyodorovna Berggolts (also Berggoltz or Bergholz) (Russian: О?льга Фё?доровна Бергго?льц, May 16 [O.S. May 3] 1910 — November 13, 1975) was a Soviet poet. She is most famous for her work on the Leningrad radio during the city's blockade, when she became the symbol of city's strength and determination.
Early life
Berggolts was born in a working suburb of St. Petersburg to the family of a doctor who worked at a plant. Her verses were first published in 1924. In 1925 she joined a youth literature group 'The Shift' where she became acquainted with Boris Kornilov whom she married in 1926. Soon their daughter Irina was born. Boris and Olga entered the Higher State Courses in Fine Arts. Soon Boris left the courses, and Olga began studies at the Leningrad University. In 1930 she graduated from the philological faculty of the university and was sent to Kazakhstan as a journalist for the newspaper Soviet Steppe. During this period Olga divorced Kornilov and married Nikolay Molchanov.
After returning to Leningrad she started working as a journalist for the newspaper of the electric power plant (Electric Power). Her feelings and thoughts on this period were expressed in such books as The Out-of-the-way Place (1932), Night (1935), Journalists (1934), and Grains (1935). Such works by Berggolts as Poems (1934) and Uglich (1932) were approved of by Maxim Gorky.
In the late 1930s several tragedies interrupted her happy life. Her daughters Irina and Maya died, and in 1938 they were followed by Boris Kornilov, who was arrested on false charges and subsequently killed as part of the Great Purge. Olga herself was imprisoned in December, 1938. She spent 7 months in prison where she was beaten during an interrogation, causing the birth of a still-born child. The motifs of tragedy that appear in her later poetry, then, may in a way be explained by the circumstances of her life (most such poems were published in a collection called The Knot, 1965). She was subsequently released and completely exonerated in 1939.
Later life
In 1940 she joined the Communist Party. Olga Berggolts spent all the 900 days of the blockade in Leningrad. She worked at the radio, encouraging hungry and depressed citizens of the city by her speeches and poems. Her thoughts and impressions on this period, on problems of heroism, love, faithfullness can be found in "February diary" (1942), "Leningrad poem" (1942), "In memory of defenders" (1944), "Your way" (1945), and some others. Berggolts also wrote many times about heroic and glorious events in the history of Russia, such as "Pervorossyisk, 1950, (a poem about the Altay commune organized by the workers of Petrograd), Faithfulness, 1954, (a tragedy about the defence of Sevastopol in 1941-1942), and They Were Living in Leningrad, 1944, (a play about the blockade of Leningrad). Her memoirs The Day Stars were published in 1959 and filmed in 1968. Olga Berggolts died on 13 November 1975, and was buried at Literatorskie Mostki.
Honours and legacy
Olga Berggolts was decorated with Order of Lenin, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, and numerous medals.
A minor planet 3093 Bergholz discovered by Soviet astronomer Tamara Mikhailovna Smirnova in 1971 is named after her. [1] One of the streets in Saint Petersburg is named after her. A play about the life and works of Olga Berggolts, "Awake in Me," was written by Ivan Fuller in 2009.
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